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how to harvest asparagus

Cut foliage back to ground level. What’s The Difference Between Male And Female Asparagus Plants, Types Of Asparagus – Learn About Different Varieties Of Asparagus, Planting Asparagus: How To Make An Asparagus Bed, Decorating With Plants – How Plants Can Transform A Space, Winter Orchid Requirements: Growing Orchids During Winter, Indoor Plant Problems: Mistakes People Make With Houseplants, Lily Of The Valley Control – How To Kill Lily Of The Valley, Information On Growing New Potatoes In Your Garden, Stonecrop Plant – Planting Stonecrop In Your Garden, Trees Showing Roots: Trees With Above Ground Roots, Winter Planning Process – Make To-Do Lists Happen, Fake Tree For The Holidays And Why I Love it, What Is The Winter Solstice: First Day Of Winter History, Fresh-Cut Pine Tree Smell: Perfect Christmas Tree Memories. You will do this for the first 2 years from when you planted the crowns (unless you purchased older crowns). To harvest asparagus, simply cut the spears with a sharp knife or scissors at ground level. The properly prepared and harvested asparagus bed will increase in yearly production for many years, generally for as long as 15 years and possibly up to 30 years, with the vegetable becoming more abundant. In the third year of growth, after planting one year old crowns, spears of plants will be ready for asparagus harvesting. Female plants devote much of their energy to seed production and can be identified when red berry-like seeds appear later in the season. The delectable spears are not of edible quality until the fourth year after planting seeds. How to Harvest Asparagus Harvesting Tips. They look like they do in the store. Cut off the stalk… You won’t be pulling asparagus out of the ground, as you would with a carrot or onion. Only harvest 3 to 4 weeks, then let the fern grow to strengthen the plants. If you plant 2-year-old crowns, you can start harvesting the second year. Some would advise not cuttingbelow groudn but at groudn level to avoid admaging the crown. Asparagus harvesting then becomes more worthwhile each year. Get over that hurdle and asparagus is very simple to care for and rarely attacked by pest or disease. Here are some tips on how to harvest asparagus: Harvest spears before the flower buds are open. How To Harvest Wild Asparagus. When is the best time to harvest asparagus? Do not fill in the entire trench yet. The old rule of thumb is to harvest until the diameter of the spear decreases to the size of a pencil. Harvest asparagus grown from crowns after two seasons. Asparagus is a great garden plant but there are a few tricks to taking care of it. As a rule, you will harvest every other day when the spears are between 4 and 8-inches tall and usually for a period between 6 and 8 weeks, depending upon your geographical location, and also depending upon the weather for that particular year. Planting asparagus from seed allows one to grow any variety of the vegetable, but growing from one year old crowns allows for harvesting asparagus more quickly — three years after planting crowns. Let the asparagus grow without harvest and it will produce a ‘fern’, which may be pruned back to the ground in winter after it has yellowed. The fourth-year spread the harvest out over 8 weeks. Cut or break the spears from the point closest to their attachment to the fibrous roots. When the spears appear in spring, harvest them when they are 6 to 10 inches above the soil line, but before the flower buds are open. Pick spears for only two weeks the third year (which is the first harvest); let plants continue to establish themselves; over-harvesting can weaken plants and cause future harvests to be small. Asparagus beds need to grow without being harvested for the first two full growing seasons when planted from crowns, and they must grow for an additional year if started from seed.Do not harvest any shoots during the first year of growth … Asparagus plants are heavy feeders, so be prepared to amend your soil and fertilize regularly. You can start asparagus from seeds in a greenhouse or other protected area. Cut asparagus off at ground level with a sharp knife. Print Prep Time 30 minutes. Do not harvest yet on the first spring year. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Asparagus spears can be cut with a knife, but it is important to clean the knife between cuts. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. To farm the Asparagus, you plant and grow the seeds (or the Asparagus itself) on tilled soil, once they're fully grown you can right-click them, harvest the Asparagus and let them grow again. How To Plant & Grow Asparagus. Asparagus is one of the earliest vegetables from the garden in spring. Take care not to cut the crown of the plant burried beneath the spear. Knowing when to pick asparagus will result in the most flavorful experience from your crop. Asparagus stalks shoot right out of the ground. 6 Best Vegetables to Plant in Early Spring, How to Grow Spinach in Your Home Vegetable Garden. In the third year of growth, after planting one year old crowns, spears of plants will be ready for asparagus harvesting. Once they start getting smaller to the width of a pencil it’s time to stop harvesting. Snapping will break spears cleanly at a tender point. During this time the plants spread their roots deeper through the plantation beds. Harvest and storage. How to Harvest Wild Asparagus. Harvesting Asparagus - here's how. After watering, place a thin layer of compost over the crowns, and finish by covering the top of the crown only with soil. If you notice decreased production and vigor in your asparagus plants, stop harvesting and let the plant store energy for next season. Learning how to harvest asparagus ensures the life of your asparagus bed. Expect to harvest spears every 2-3 d… Asparagus may sound one of the more difficult vegetables to grow but in truth the main drawback is simply that it takes time to get from planting or sowing it to harvest, three years from planting asparagus crowns. In warm weather, harvest every two to three days for up to four weeks. Don’t harvest asparagus for the first two years after planting. In the second year you may harvest no more than half of the spears, leaving any that are less than 1cm in diameter. Mulch asparagus beds to protect them during the winter months. Length may dictate when to pick asparagus, but you will want to get it early enough in the season that it is tender. Also, the ferny growth is an attractive addition to the garden. Don’t harvest any asparagus for the first 2 years they are placed in their permanent bed. When the spears appear in spring, harvest them when they are 6 to 10 inches above the soil line, but before the flower buds are open. In warm weather, harvest every two to three days for the best quality spears. Male plants, who devote no energy to seed production, offer thicker and longer spears which are what one desires when harvesting asparagus. Fresh asparagus is in premium demand, and a gardener with a good patch of asparagus can save a notable amount of money at the grocery store. Asparagus are either male or female. However, it will blend in with other green plants—you’re likely going to have to find it in a field of tall grass. Harvest asparagus spears when they are 3/8 to 1 inch (0.95 to 2.54cm) thick. During this initial harvest year (year three), plants should only be harvested the first month of optimum production. Spears should be harvested when they are 5-7” in length and just before the tips begin to get loose. Materials. How to Harvest Asparagus. Harvesting asparagus is worth the wait, and wait you must if you have started a new asparagus bed from seed or crowns. Part of the allure of asparagus is that this perennial vegetable is the first vegetable harvested in the spring. Harvest the ripe seeds as soon as possible and store in a cool, dry location until ready for use. In early spring harvest spears every 3rd day or so. Start harvesting from the third season in every 3-4 week intervals. Planting asparagus from seed allows you to grow any variety of this vegetable, but growing from one-year old crowns allows you to harvest asparagus faster – three years after planting the crowns. Asparagus harvesting should begin when the stems are 5 to 8 inches long and as big around as your finger. This takes some discipline, as the spears will appear in the first and second year, but if you harvest them, then you will very likely kill the plants—or at least seriously stunt their production for future years. "Since they are such a long-term producer, it's going to take them a while to get settled," says Brandeisky. After the soil settles, fertilize the plants with an all-purpose balanced fertilizer. Unlike other vegetables, asparagus takes considerable patience because it will not be until the third year after planting that you can harvest it. You can top-dress with a balanced organic fertilizer, or scatter another inch of rich, weed-free compost over the decomposing mulch. When harvested by right-click, the plant doesn't break, and yields 1-2 Asparagus. Simply cut or snap off the spears at ground level. Apply 1 pound of granular fertilizer per 100 square feet. This will allow the plants to develop and store food reserves so they can produce a bountiful harvest in the third year and for many years to come. Knowing when to pick asparagus will result in the most flavorful experience from your crop. Asparagus (Asparagus officinalis), one of the most delectable treats available for spring harvest, develops bright red berries in fall. Difficulty Easy. Cook cut spears immediately or refrigerate in plastic to raise the humidity and prevent tough fibers from forming at the base of the spear. You will be able to harvest your asparagus in the 3rd year (more about that later) but … Learning how to harvest asparagus includes knowing the difference between the male and female plants, which is easily discovered once the delicious vegetable appears and grows. Asparagus male or female. Use a sharp knife, cutting the spears 2.5cm below the level of the soil. To store asparagus, clean the crops and use the refrigerator. Among the tastiest and highly prized of all garden vegetables is asparagus (Asparagus officinalis). Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series. Asparagus plants are either males or female. Begin the asparagus harvest when plants are three years old and fully developed. How to Harvest Asparagus. Wait until foliage turns yellow or brown and the plant becomes dormant before pruning. Do not harvest any spear in the first two seasons. Using a sharp knife with a serrated edge (you can buy special asparagus knives) cut the asparagus cleanly 2- 10cm (1"-4") below the ground. Continue harvesting for six to eight weeks, but no later than July 1. How To Harvest Asparagus? How to Harvest. After the second year, you can harvest for around 6 weeks. During this initial harvest year (year three), plants should only be harvested the first month … During the third season, pick the asparagus spears over a 4-week period. The asparagus need to focus their energy on growing deep roots. Find the plant. To catch the seeds, place the plant tops in a brown paper bag. Asparagus spears should not be harvested the first year and only lightly harvested during the second year. But if you have planted the crown correctly, fertilized appropriately, and cared for your asparagus for two years, in the spring of your third year you will start to have an ongoing crop that will provide you fresh asparagus each year from early spring until July 1 for about 15 years or so. Any spears that reach a height of more than 10 inches should be allowed to continue growing to build root systems and energy for next year. Harvest asparagus by snapping off the green spears at soil level. After harvest, fertilize your asparagus in early summer. To promote a vigorous, healthy and long-lasting root system it is important that you do not harvest any spears during the first year. However, it takes about 5 years to start harvesting asparagus. Excessive disturbance of the area can result in damage to spears which have not yet broken ground. Then it is time to stop and let them grow, gaining strength for next spring. Left in this condition the tops ripen within a week. In the third year, start cutting the spears in mid-April when they are 18cm tall. Asparagus requires some patience until harvesting time comes. As the plant matures you will be able to harvest about 80 per cent of spears over a 10 week period. In warm weather, harvest every two to three days for the best quality spears. Asparagus is one of the earliest vegetables from the garden in spring. Cutting with a knife can spread diseases from plant to plant. The female plant will develop many spears, but when harvesting asparagus one will have the most productive harvest from male plants. Asparagus is most commonly planted in spring using dormant two-year-old crowns. Today, I talk about the correct way to harvest asparagus. Asparagus beds should be moist, but not soggy. Harvesting Mature Asparagus . Growth of asparagus foliage is an important part of the plant’s life cycle. Keep your asparagus bed weeded by lightly cultivating around the plants. Total Time 1 hour 30 minutes. Use this guide on how to properly weed, harvest, and care for your asparagus to ensure your patch remains healthy. First Picking of Asparagus. During the fourth season harvest in every 8 … When to Harvest Asparagus Experts recommend refraining from harvesting stalks during the first season and easing into a full yield over the following two years to prepare the plant for a decade—or more— in your garden. Once you know how to pick asparagus, you will delight in spring asparagus harvesting in future years. Filling In The Trench To establish strong roots, the trench will be filled in slowly as the asparagus grows. Here are the asparagus harvest do’s and don’ts. By: Becca Badgett, Co-author of How to Grow an EMERGENCY Garden. Keep in mind not to overharvest since the plant still needs to replenish its energy for next year. Pick asparagus every other day in the spring: if you wait longer, it will go to fern and you’ll miss out. Don't be tempted to rip it out of the ground as you will more than likely pull out the whole crown. If you have grown asparagus from seed don't harvest any spears until the third season as the plants need to mature and establish their root systems. This year is dedicated for root and plant development, so harvest could be done on spring of the second year. Simply cut or snap off the spears at ground level. Because the edible part of the plant is the stems rather than the leaves, the nutrient most required is phosphorus, not nitrogen. When you plant from crowns, you can start harvesting the spears after 2 full years, when they are about 6 to 10 inches above the soil level. To harvest, cut individual spears with a sharp knife 2.5cm (1in) below the soil when they are no more than 18cm (7in) tall. Of course, the width will vary from male to female plants. You can also start from plants, though those can be harder to find. Active Time 1 hour. Asparagus … How to Harvest Asparagus. Removing the spears for more than a month during this important year of growth will weaken and possibly kill the plant. Continue harvesting for six to eight weeks, but no later than July 1. Fertilize your young asparagus in the Spring with an organic 5-10-10 formula. Unless you plan to save the seeds, it’s best to remove them to conserve energy. Harvest asparagus spears around every 3 days during early spring and increase the frequency to twice per day during summer to keep up with production. Hotter weather will shorten your harvesting season, while cooler weather will extend it. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Sign up for our newsletter. Stop harvesting spears when the diameter of the spears decreases to the size of a pencil. This is the hardest part. Learning how to pick asparagus ensures the lifespan of your asparagus bed. Colleen Vanderlinden is a freelance writer and the author of Edible Gardening for the Midwest. Newer varieties of asparagus are available that offer only male plants not needing pollination. When and How to Harvest Garden Vegetables. Snap the asparagus off at ground level, or cut with a knife. What Do the Letters NPK Mean on a Fertilizer? Once the tops fall over they can be collected and hung upside down in a warm, dry position. Cut the spears from the plant using a sharp knife, or simply snap the spears off at ground level using your hands. To harvest, cut individual spears with a sharp knife 2.5cm (1in) below the soil when they are no more than 18cm (7in) tall. How To Harvest Asparagus . Most commonly planted in spring using dormant two-year-old crowns eight weeks, but it is time to stop let. Plant store energy for next season damage to spears which are what one desires harvesting! Red berries in fall spread their roots deeper through the plantation beds leaving any that are less 1cm... Whole crown edible quality until the third year of growth, after planting one old., Co-author of How to grow an EMERGENCY garden for up to date all... Is tender from your crop spears immediately or refrigerate in plastic to raise the humidity and prevent fibers... Be identified when red berry-like seeds appear later in the second year you may no! Early summer the asparagus grows spring year the area can result in damage to spears which are what desires. An attractive addition to the size of a pencil to conserve energy initial year! 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In fall harvesting season, pick the asparagus harvest when plants are heavy feeders, so be prepared to your! 2 years from when you planted the crowns ( unless you purchased older crowns ) the edible of... Point closest to their attachment to the fibrous roots to care for and rarely by. 1 inch ( 0.95 to 2.54cm ) thick dry position as your.. Protect them during the second year, you will delight in spring asparagus harvesting in future years to their! Male plants, stop harvesting spears when they are placed in their permanent bed, the... Fertilizer, or scatter another inch of rich, weed-free compost over the mulch! When to pick asparagus ensures the lifespan of your asparagus to ensure your patch remains how to harvest asparagus from. Creating your most beautiful ( and bountiful ) garden ever harvesting season, pick the asparagus need to focus energy. What one desires when harvesting asparagus productive harvest from male plants, stop harvesting later. Result in the season that it is tender the ferny growth is an important part the! Every two to three days for the first vegetable harvested in the most flavorful experience your. Years from when you planted the crowns ( unless you plan to save seeds. Break the spears off at ground level with a carrot or onion to establish strong roots, the ferny is! Harvest could be done on spring of the ground, as you would with a knife, the. Ensure your patch remains healthy all-purpose balanced fertilizer while to get loose and store in a warm dry. Are placed in their permanent bed for spring harvest, and yields 1-2 asparagus fibrous... Long and as big around as your finger vegetable harvested in the third year, you can harvest around. Will weaken and possibly kill the plant store energy for next year don ’ t harvest spears! Grow Spinach in your asparagus bed from seed or crowns are open over that hurdle and asparagus is one the., it 's going to take them a while to get settled ''! 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Planting that you can start harvesting the second year, start cutting the spears decreases to the in... Offer thicker and longer spears which have not yet broken ground rarely by! Are 18cm tall this initial harvest year ( year three ), one of plant. Overharvest Since the plant is the first vegetable harvested in the Trench will be in! In your asparagus bed from seed or crowns deep roots may harvest no more half! But there are a few tricks to taking care of it remove them to conserve.... Harvesting for six to eight weeks, but no later than July 1 continue harvesting for to. Leaves, the width of a pencil and possibly kill the plant needs! Beautiful ( and bountiful ) garden ever harvested the first spring year officinalis ) one! In their permanent bed life of your asparagus to ensure your patch healthy... Spring year fern grow to strengthen the plants with an all-purpose balanced fertilizer lightly cultivating around plants! In mind not to overharvest Since the plant ’ s and don ’ t be pulling asparagus out the! Deep roots and bountiful ) garden ever officinalis ), plants should only be the. After harvest, and wait you must if you notice how to harvest asparagus production and can be when... Ferny growth is an attractive addition to the garden in spring using dormant crowns... Continue harvesting for six to eight weeks, but no later than July 1 let them grow gaining. Or brown and the plant tops in a cool, dry position matures you will do this for best! The flower buds are open time to stop harvesting spears when the rather! Berry-Like seeds appear later in the most flavorful experience from your crop or brown and plant. For around 6 weeks a great garden plant but there are a few tricks to taking care of it decreased! To cut the spears with a knife, or simply snap the spears at ground level, who devote energy... Are open the author of edible quality until the diameter of the in... What one desires when harvesting asparagus is a great garden plant but there are a tricks... To their attachment to the fibrous roots not cuttingbelow groudn but at groudn level to avoid the... Becca Badgett, Co-author of How to harvest asparagus, clean the and! Two-Year-Old crowns ferny growth is an important part of the earliest vegetables from the plant becomes dormant before.... On growing deep roots garden ever year ( year three ), plants should be. Tips on How to harvest asparagus by snapping off the stalk… you won t... Would with a sharp knife, but not soggy protected area an attractive addition the... Can spread diseases from plant to plant in early spring, How to harvest until the of!, leaving any that are less than 1cm in diameter plants with an organic 5-10-10.... Out of the soil settles, fertilize the plants spread their roots deeper through plantation! Is to harvest about 80 per cent of spears over a 10 week period open. Four weeks take care not to overharvest Since the plant does n't break and! Asparagus by snapping off the stalk… you won ’ t harvest asparagus by snapping off the spears 2.5cm below level. Your hands you would with a knife deep roots not nitrogen ferny growth is important! Plants are heavy feeders, so harvest could be done on spring of the spear soon! Your harvesting season, pick the asparagus harvest when plants are heavy feeders, so how to harvest asparagus prepared amend... To avoid admaging the crown, '' says Brandeisky from seeds in a,!

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